A morphology study using Auger electron spectroscopy
and Raman spectroscopic study revealed a correlation among the density of trap states in an SOI layer, roughness, and local mechanical stress near the SOI/BOX interface. This correlation is understood to imply that local mechanical stress near the SOI/BOX interface, which is induced by roughness at the interface peculiar to the SIMOX process, enhances the generation of structural defects and resultant electron trap states in the SOI layer of a SIMOX wafer. (C) 2010 American Institute of Physics. [doi:10.1063/1.3520660]“
“Endothelial and vascular damage are main leading disability in systemic SB202190 sclerosis (SSc). Raynaud’s phenomenon is the early symptom that presents vascular damage. Nailfold capillaroscopy (NFC) is an easily accessible diagnostic tool in secondary Raynaud’s phenomenon. Considering the endothelial damage, clinical manifestations,
and plasma cytokines was compared with traditionally used NFC parameter for, which to observe the number selleck products of capillaries, deletions in 3 mm, apical limb width and the capillary width itself. We hypothesize that a computer-based NFC system can generate a new powerful parameter which predicts the capillary dimension. We investigated the relationship among the plasma endothelin-1 (ET-1), clinical manifestations and quantitative analysis of computerized NFC, and to assess the optimal method in SSc. The level of ET-1 in 60 SSc patients, 30 healthy, and 23 disease controls were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) kit. We present a significant difference in all parameters of NFC between SSc patients and control groups. ET-1 level was increased in patients with SSc. In SSc group, capillary dimension and loss of capillaries were strongly associated with digital ulceration (p < 0.01) and pulmonary hypertension (p < 0.05). Capillary dimension AZD7762 and ET-1 level was in correlation with skin-hardening grade, and was higher in
SSc patients with pulmonary hypertension or digital ulcer. Capillary dimension showed strong correlation with the endothelin-1 in SSc, healthy and disease control groups. (Rs = 0.31/p < 0.05, Rs = 0.82/p < 0.001, Rs = 0.83/p < 0.001). The results suggest that computer-based microscopic analysis of NFC is a useful method that potentially provides information on organ involvement and plasma ET-1. Capillary dimension maybe a powerful parameter possibly applicable in outpatient clinic for assessing SSc patients.”
“A large size botulinum toxin complex (L-TC) is composed of a single neurotoxin (BoNT), a single nontoxic nonhaemagglutinin (NTNHA) and a haemagglutinin (HA) complex. The HA complex is comprised of three HA-70 molecules and three arm structures of HA-33/HA-17 that consist of two HA-33 and a single HA-17.