3%,3 respectively. The negative impacts of these oral conditions on the Erlotinib nmr life of children include oral pain, difficulty with chewing, anxiety or distress about their mouth and missed school days due to their cumulative dental caries experience as well as changes in emotional (being
upset and worrying about being different) and social behaviours (being teased and avoiding smiling/laughing) due to malocclusions.4 Assessment of the impact of oral diseases on the everyday life of children is important because oral diseases may not only limit their current functioning and psychosocial well-being, but may also compromise their future development selleck chemicals llc and achievements. A previous study in adults suggested that dental status may affect food preference, dietary intake and nutrition.5 Difficulty with chewing, resulting from the severity of malocclusion6, 7 and 8 and dental caries9 in children, as well as the area of occlusal contact
and near contact area in adolescents7 and 8 is the most likely mechanism by which poor oral health status affects dietary intake.10 and 11 In this regard, de Morais Tureli et al.12 found better masticatory performance (MP) among normal-weight children when compared with overweight/obese children and suggested that poor MP might be a factor for weight gain. Thus, it
only is reasonable to suggest that chewing could affect nutrition and the digestion and absorption of nutrients and directly affects an individual’s QoL. Previous investigations performed in adults have noted a link between masticatory function and OHRQoL.13, 14 and 15 OHRQoL appears to be enhanced when masticatory function is improved through dental treatment, as observed by Nicolas et al.16 Locker et al.13 evaluated the performance of two self-assessed measures in detecting oral impacts on QoL due to functional alterations (with and without one or more dentures, a chewing problem and dry mouth). They reported that both the short-form of the Oral Health-Impact Profile (OHIP-14) and the Geriatric Oral Health Assessment Index (GOHAI) discriminated between subjects with and without a self-perceived chewing problem as opposed to an objectively measured chewing problem. Using objective MP, Ikebe et al.14 found higher OHIP-14 and GOHAI scores among elderly subjects with lower MP, suggesting that MP is an important factor influencing the OHRQoL in this population. Fueki et al.15 reported that perceived chewing ability is a critical factor for OHRQoL and that MP rather than food mixing ability is important for perceived chewing ability and OHRQoL in patients with removable partial dentures.