FIB 4 values inversely correlated with TGF-beta1 (Rho correlation

FIB 4 values inversely correlated with TGF-beta1 (Rho correlation coefficient −0.38; p=0.0155). as well as with liver stiffness values (Rho

correlation coefficient −0.31; p=0.0498. CD14 (soluble and surface) levels were significantly different between HIV+ vs the healthy controls, HIV+HCV+ vs the healthy controls, HCV+ vs HIV+ HCV+ (p< 0.0001, Kruskal-Wallis test). IL17 was significantly different between HCV+ vs the others 3 groups. Bacterial DNA BAY 57-1293 purchase was significantly different in HIV+ vs the others 3 groups Conclusions: Foxp3+ levels are higher in patients with HIV, but they do not influence liver fibrosis staging. TGF-b1 levels inversely correlate with fibrosis suggesting a protective effect. Our data show that the group of HIV- HCV+ has increased levels of bacterial DNA, CD14 (soluble and surface) and IL17 expression of a major translocation as compared with the others groups. The existent correlation between the translocation index and FIB4 suggest that fibrosis stage may depend on immunoactivation caused by bacterial translocation Disclosures: The followinq

people have nothinq to disclose: Paolo Sacchi, Raffaele Bruno, Serena M. Cima, Marta Corbella, Giuditta Comolli, Antonella Chiesa, Fausto Baldanti, Catherine Klersy, Stefano Novati, Mara Mariconti, Claudio Baldi Background/Aims: Biological and epidemiological data suggest that vitamin D levels may influence cancer development. Several single nucleotide polymorphisms have been described in the vitamin D receptor (VDR) gene in association with cancer risk. We aimed to investigate the association of VDR polymorphisms with hepatocellular carcinoma MCE (HCC) development in chronic hepatitis C patients. Methods: In a cross-sectional, hospital-based setting, 340 patients (201 chronic hepatitis, 47 cirrhosis and 92 HCC) and 100 healthy controls receiving VDR genotyping (bat-haplotype: Bsml rs1544410 C, Apal rs7975232 A and Taql rs731236 A) and interleukin (IL)−28B genotyping

were enrolled. Results: Patients with HCC had a higher frequency of Apal CC genotype (P=0.018) and bAt[CCA]-hapiotype (P=0.019) as compared to control subjects. There were no differences in Bsml, Taql and IL28B polymorphisms between two groups. In patients with chronic hepatitis C, HCC subjects had a higher frequency of Apal CC genotype and bAt[CCA]-haplotype than those with chronic hepatitis (P=0.001 and 0.002, respectively) and cirrhosis (P=0.019 and 0.026, respectively). After adjusting age and sex, logistic regression analysis showed that Apal CC genotype (odds ratio: 3.02, 95% confident interval: 1.65-5.51) was independently associated with HCC development. Conclusion: VDR Apal polymorphism may play a role in the development of HCC among chronic hepatitis C patients. Further explorations of this finding and its implications are required.

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