2C, top) The same results were obtained when viral titers in IgM

2C, top). The same results were obtained when viral titers in IgMi mice after

LCMV Docile infection were analyzed (Fig. 2C, bottom). Taken together, these data suggested that Abs induced in the early phase of an LCMV Docile Selleckchem GS-1101 infection were required to prevent T-cell exhaustion and viral persistence. Due to the phenotype of Ab-deficient mice after LCMV Docile infection, we used this viral strain for all subsequent experiments of this study. Next, we determined the kinetics of the LCMV-specific Ab response in B6 mice using a newly established sensitive sandwich ELISA as detailed in the Material and methods. LCMV-specific IgG titers in serum of LCMV Docile infected mice strongly increased between days 6 and 8 and reached maximal levels 2 weeks p.i. (Fig. 3A, filled circles). The IgG response was T-cell help dependent since Ab titers were strongly decreased in CD4+ T-cell-depleted mice (Fig. 3A, open circles). The viral antigen specificity of immune serum taken from LCMV Docile infected mice at d20 p.i. was analyzed by immunoprecipitation and immunoblotting. The results revealed that LCMV immune serum predominantly

contained Abs specific for LCMV NP (Fig. 3B) confirming previous data [14]. Importantly, virus neutralizing activity was never observed in these LCMV immune sera even when used at a high concentration (Fig. 3C). To provide additional evidence for the lack of virus neutralizing activity, virus serum mixes (90% Ensartinib in vivo serum) were incubated overnight before inoculation into mice. Two days after inoculation,

LCMV titers in spleens were enumerated. The neutralizing LCMV GP specific mAb KL25 was used as a positive control in these assays. As shown in Fig. 3D, treatment with mAb KL25 completed prevented infection whereas preincubation with LCMV immune serum did not affect initial viral replication. Having shown that mice with impaired humoral immunity were unable to control LCMV Docile infection, we next wondered whether transfer of LCMV immune serum could accelerate virus clearance. First, LCMV Docile infected MD4 and IgMi mice were treated Amobarbital with LCMV immune sera free of infectious virus that were obtained from infected wild-type mice at day 20 p.i. Viral titers in spleen, liver, and lungs were determined 14 days later. This treatment was able to lower viral titers in some mice but the antiviral effects were variable, particularly when using MD4 mice (Fig. 4). To obtain a more robust read-out for the potential antiviral activity of LCMV-specific Abs, we next tested B6 wild-type mice as hosts. Mice were infected with LCMV Docile and at day 1 serum from healthy uninfected mice (= normal serum) or LCMV immune serum was injected i.p. and the kinetics of viral elimination was followed. At day 2 and day 4 p.i., viral load between the two groups did not significantly differ (Fig. 5).

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