Summary of Background Data The effect of alendronate on spine fu

Summary of Background Data. The effect of alendronate on spine fusion is still controversial. Also, there are no studies using an osteoporotic animal model to assess the effect of alendronate on spine fusion.

Methods. Forty-six female Sprague-Dawley rats underwent either sham-operation (sham) (N = 24) or bilateral ovariectomy (OVX) (N = 22). Eight weeks after the first surgery, animals underwent intertransverse spine fusion at L4-L5. Animals received saline or alendronate 70 mu g/kg/wk by subcutaneous administration once a week for 8

weeks after spinal arthrodesis. All animals Crenolanib nmr were divided into four groups: sham-control, sham-alendronate, OVX-control, and OVX-alendronate. After that the animals were killed and the fusion mass was assessed by radiographic, peripheral quantitative computed tomography (pQCT) scanning, and biomechanical and histologic analysis.

Results. In the radiographic study and the pQCT scanning, the area of fusion masses of animals treated with alendronate was considerably larger and denser than that of the control animals in both sham and OVX groups. In the biomechanical study, the ultimate load of the fusion mass of alendronate-treated animals was higher than that of control animals in the osteoporotic groups. Histologic analysis of sagittal sections of fusion MI-503 price mass revealed greater new bone

formation in alendronate-treated animals in osteoporotic models and significant inhibition of osteoclasts among the grafted area of alendronate-treated animals compared with the control models.

Conclusion. Alendronate was effective for radiologic, biomechanical, and histologic success of spine fusion in an osteoporotic animal model. Though much of the graft bone was not resorbed, alendronate increased biomechanical strength with ingrowth of new bone formation in osteoporotic animals. This study suggests the alendronate may improve spine fusion healing in the presence of osteoporosis.”
“With an aim to reducing manufacturing costs, in general and specifically to provide a solution to the thick laminate curing depth issue for composite materials, UV curing technology was

combined with a fiber placement process to fabricate acrylate/glass-fiber composites. A novel layer-by-layer UV in situ curing VX-770 datasheet method was employed in this article and interlaminar shear strength (ILSS) tests and SEM were used to evaluate the effect of processing parameters, including compaction force and UV exposure dose, on ILSS. The SEM images from short-beam strength test samples and the results of ILSS showed that the fibers’ distribution was uniform in the cured matrix resin resulting from the compaction forces and that beneficially influenced the ILSS of the composite greatly. However, the matrix resin produced large shrinkage stresses when it reached a high degree of conversion (DC) in one-step, which resulted in poor interlaminar adhesion.

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