Fpn-1 was mostly found in the nuclei of liver cells, whereas in spleen, the protein was mainly buy VX-770 detected in the cell membrane. Western blot analysis of liver fractions confirmed immunohistochemical
results. In livers of wild-type mice, gene expression of Fpn-1, Fpn-1a and Fpn-1b was downregulated, whereas hepcidin gene expression was increased. In contrast, these changes were less pronounced in IL-6ko-mice. Cytokine (IL-6, IL-1 beta and TNF-alpha) treatment of rat hepatocytes showed a downregulation of Fpn-1, Fpn-1a and Fpn-1b, and upregulation of hepcidin gene expression. Moreover, western blot analysis of cell lysate of IL-6-treated hepatocytes detected, as expected, an increase of alpha 2-macroglobulin (positive acute-phase protein), whereas albumin (negative acute-phase protein) and Fpn-1 were downregulated. Our results demonstrate that liver behaves as a ‘sponge’ for iron under acute-phase conditions, and Fpn-1 behaves as a negative acute-phase protein in rat hepatocytes mainly,
but not exclusively, because of the effect of IL-6. These changes could explain iron retention in the cytoplasm and in the nucleus of hepatocytes during APR. Laboratory Investigation (2012) 92, 842-856; doi:10.1038/labinvest.2012.52; published online 2 April 2012″
“The advanced properties of mesoporous silica have been demonstrated in applications, which include chemical sensing, filtration, catalysis, drug delivery and selective biomolecular uptake. These properties depend on the architectural, Nec-1s chemical structure physical and chemical properties of the material, which in turn are determined by the processing parameters in evaporation-induced self-assembly. in this study, we introduce a combinatorial approach for the removal of the high molecular weight proteins and for the specific isolation and enrichment of low molecular weight species. This approach is based on mesoporous silica chips able to fractionate, selectively harvest and protect from enzymatic degradation, peptides and proteins present in complex human biological
fluids. We present the characterization of the harvesting Ergoloid properties of a wide range of mesoporous chips using a library of peptides and proteins standard and their selectivity on the recovery of serum peptidome. Using MALDI-TOF-MS, we established the correlation between the harvesting specificity and the physicochemical properties of mesoporous silica surfaces. The introduction of this mesoporous material with fine controlled properties will provide a powerful platform for proteomics application offering a rapid and efficient methodology for low molecular weight biomarker discovery.”
“Keratin 8 (K8) and keratin 18 (K18) form the major hepatocyte cytoskeleton. We investigated the impact of genetic loss of either K8 or K18 on liver homeostasis under toxic stress with the hypothesis that K8 and K18 exert different functions.