, 2008) The increasing trend

, 2008). The increasing trend selleck screening library in Lower Cuyahoga River sediment load is consistent with increased river flow since 2003, as well as erosion of the river valleys, banks and bed (Richards et al., 2008). A sediment load record derived from dam pool sediment can be used to place potential future impacts from hydrologic regime changes into a long-term context. Since 1950, some regions of the globe have

had a statistically significant increase in the number of heavy precipitation events, with the trend being most consistent in North America (IPCC, 2012, pp. 141–149). In the coming century this trend is projected to increase, especially in high latitudes, tropics, and in the winter in northern mid-latitudes (IPCC, 2012, pp. 141–149). Accompanying an increase in heavy precipitation should be an increase in rain-generated floods that would, in turn alter sediment storage

and transport within catchments. However, coherent spatial scale changes in flood frequency and magnitude is often complicated by anthropogenic regulation of river basins and land use changes (Villarini and Smith, 2010, Villarini et al., 2011 and IPCC, 2012, Entinostat pp. 175–178). Because watershed management is often undertaken at the local to regional scale, local to regional assessments of hydrologic regime changes are the most useful. In the U.S. Midwest, changes in precipitation and stream flow have been linked via atmospheric teleconnections to ocean/atmosphere conditions in the Pacific and Atlantic Oceans (Coleman and Rogers, 2003, Rogers and Coleman, 2003 and Rogers

and Coleman, 2004). Within the Cuyahoga River watershed an increase in the number of heavy precipitation events, high river discharge days and sediment erosion have all occurred since 2003 (Liberatore, 2013). These high flow events stand out even in the monthly mean record of Cuyahoga River discharge (Fig. 9). The high flow events and associated increases in sediment load lend Abiraterone ic50 support to watershed management policies aimed controlling storm water runoff. The STEPL model produces a long-term average sediment loading rate for 2006 land use conditions (7490 tonnes yr−1) that compares remarkably well with the measured accumulation rate for 2006 (7520 tonnes yr−1)(Fig. 9). Even comparing the STEPL average loading rate with a decade average of the measured accumulation (6300 tonnes yr−1) indicates the results are quite similar given the differences in methodologies. Water resource/watershed managers rely heavily on models to understand current and future conditions of the water bodies under their charge. They may not have the time and resources to conduct long-term monitoring or detailed sampling on all the water bodies under their management to determine pollutant loading.

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