This is mainly due to the fact that the binding of GST containing fusion proteins on glutathione-Sepharose column is dependent on the proper folding of the GST tag. However, binding of proteins with the 6× His tag to Ni-NTA
agarose is not affected by the conformation of the expressed proteins and, consequently, proteins containing this tag can be purified even under denaturing conditions . The use of pGES-TH-1 vector provides the advantage of high-level expression by having GST as fusion protein and the use of two tags (GST at the amino terminus and His tag at the carboxy terminus of the desired protein) for efficient purification . In this study, high-level expression of Rv3874, Rv3875 and Rv3619c fusion proteins was achieved using this expression vector. Furthermore, Rv3619c could be purified by using only one affinity matrix (glutathione-Sepharose), CDK inhibitor review Ivacaftor datasheet as reported for some other
mycobacterial proteins [15, 20], but the purification of GST-free pure Rv3874 and Rv3875 required two affinity matrices, glutathione-Sepharose and Ni-NTA agarose. These results further strengthen the suggestion that pGES-TH-1 is useful for high-level expression and efficient purification of recombinant mycobacterial proteins . The reason for Rv3619c requiring only one column (glutathione-Sepharose) for purification could be the presence of the fusion protein GST-Rv3619c in the pellet of induced E. coli cultures, which Unoprostone lacked the contaminating E. coli protein of 70 kDa;
whereas GST-Rv3874 and GST-Rv3875 proteins were present in the soluble fraction that also contained E. coli protein of 70 kDa, which was capable of binding to glutathione-Sepharose column nonspecifically, and was eluted from the column along with Rv3874 and Rv3875. However, the subsequent use of Ni-NTA matrix efficiently removed the contaminating E. coli protein and made the recombinant Rv3874 and Rv3875 proteins homogeneously pure. The immunogenicity of all the three pure recombinant proteins was evaluated in antibody assays by immunizing rabbits, and the anti-sera were tested with the full-length proteins, pools of synthetic peptides covering the sequence of each protein and their individual peptides. The specificity of the antibodies was confirmed by Western immunoblot analysis, which demonstrated that pre-immunized rabbits’ sera did not have antibodies to any of these proteins, and the sera from immunized rabbits had antibodies reactive with the immunizing proteins only. These results suggest that the rabbits used were not exposed to M. tuberculosis and the epitopes of a given protein recognized by antibodies were not cross-reactive with other proteins.