Plasma was harvested immediately by 10 min of centrifugation at 4

Plasma was harvested immediately by 10 min of centrifugation at 4 °C, 2765g (Multifuge 1 S−R, Heraeus, Hanau, Germany) and stored at −80 °C until analysed. At the end of the experiment, the animals were sacrificed. EDTA plasma samples were processed by protein precipitation of 50 µL plasma with 200 µL ice-cold 0.4% citric acid in acetonitrile containing

15 ng/mL aripiprazole-d8. The samples were mixed for 10 min in a shaking apparatus followed by centrifugation at 5000g for 10 min at 15 °C and 150 µL supernatant was transferred to a 2 mL deep well plate. Calibration standards and quality control (QCs) were prepared by adding standard PCI-32765 supplier solution to blank plasma and prepared similarly to the plasma samples. The analysis was performed by HPLC–MS/MS using a Waters Acquity-Xevo TQ system controlled by UNIFI. The separation was done on a Waters Spherisorb Silica column (3 µm, 100 × 2.1 mm2) with a mobile phase consisting of water/acetonitrile (25/75 v/v) containing 1% formic acid, at a flow rate of 0.8 mL/min and a column oven temperature of 45 °C. A 3 µL sample was injected in partial loop with needle overfill mode. The mass spectrometer was operated

in the positive electrospray mode with a desolvation temperature of 650 °C. The analytes Akt inhibitor were detected by multiple-reaction-monitoring: aripiprazole lauroxil (660.39–460.16 m/z), N-hydroxymethyl aripiprazole (478.17–448.16 m/z) and aripiprazole (476.15–285.09 m/z). The run time of the assay was 3.5 min with the peaks eluting between 1.45 and 1.84 min. The assay showed linearity over the concentration range of 2.00–1000 ng/mL. Liothyronine Sodium Results obtained are presented as means and the standard error of the mean (mean ± SEM) unless otherwise stated. Pharmacokinetic parameters were calculated by using Phoenix version (Pharsight Corporation, Mountain View, CA, USA). The plasma concentration–time profiles of the three compounds after intravenous dosing were fitted to a two-compartment model. The area under the curve (AUC) was determined using the linear trapezoidal method and

extrapolation of the last measured plasma concentration to infinity. It is possible to prepare stable N-acyloxyalkyl derivatives of, e.g., tertiary or some N-heterocyclic amines and secondary amides, which are susceptible to enzymatic hydrolysis by esterases, with subsequent spontaneous decomposition, as demonstrated with pilocarpine [ 37], theophylline [ 38], penicillin G [ 39] and various carboxylic acid agents [ 40]. For aripiprazole a similar stable derivatisation can be made at the lactam moiety, where the conversion and the relative presence of the three components – prodrug, intermediate and aripiprazole – in the bioconversion was investigated in vitro and in vivo in the present work. To investigate the rate of biological conversion, two experiments were conducted using either N-hydroxymethyl aripiprazole added into a phosphate buffer or aripiprazole lauroxil added to rat plasma at 37 °C.

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