entry medical (GEM) students have prior experien


entry medical (GEM) students have prior experience of this transition from pedagogical to androgogical learning. We aimed to assess the demographics and learning attributes of GEM students.

Methods Ethical exemption was awarded. The short version of the approaches and study skills inventory for students and the learning style questionnaire were distributed to GEM students during semester 1, 2008.

Results Response rate was 84% (n = 32). Fifty percent of responders had graduated in 2008 (22%) or 2007 (28%). Seventy-five percent had a background in basic science (56%) or an allied health profession (19%). The predominant learning approach is a combination of deep and strategic. The predominant learning style is reflective.

Conclusions Our preliminary analysis reveals GEM students to exhibit a mature approach to learning Sotrastaurin solubility dmso and the requisite learning style to achieve academic and clinical success.”
“AimTo ascertain whether uterine fundal pressure should have a role in the management of the second stage of labor and to determine its prevalence, benefits and adverse maternal-fetal outcomes.

MethodsThis was a prospective observational

study set in a tertiary teaching and research obstetric hospital. A total of 8097 women in labor between 37 and 42 gestational weeks with a singleton cephalic presentation were enrolled. Subjects were subdivided into two groups: fundal pressure group (n=1974 women) and control group (n=6123 women). The primary SHP099 outcome measure was the duration check details of the second stage. The secondary outcome measures were maternal outcomes (immediate or delayed) and neonatal outcomes.

ResultsThe prevalence of fundal pressure in our center was 24.38%. Fundal pressure maneuver significantly shortened the duration of the second stage among primiparous women, increased the risk of severe perineal laceration and admission to neonatal intensive care unit in comparison to the non-fundal group.

Delayed maternal outcomes showed significant increase in dyspareunia and de novo stress urinary incontinence in the fundal pressure group.

ConclusionAlthough fundal pressure maneuver shortens the duration of the second stage of labor among primiparous women, it should not be used except when indicated, and under strict guidelines owing to its adverse maternal and fetal outcomes.”
“There has been little research on the views and experiences of non-biological parents of sperm donor children. This paper reports the results of a survey of non-biological mothers and fathers. An online survey was designed and conducted by the Donor Sibling Registry, a US-based non-profit organization that supports those who have used donor conception. A total of 244 people responded (199 non-biological mothers and 45 non-biological fathers).

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