“Background: Nonadherence to inhaled corticosteroids (ICS) is a significant risk factor for poor asthma outcomes in minority adolescents with persistent asthma.\n\nObjective: To identify factors associated with nonadherence to daily ICS in this target population.\n\nMethods: Adolescents 11 to 16 years old, self-identified as African American or Hispanic, diagnosed with persistent asthma and with an active prescription for daily ICS were invited to participate. Participant adherence to ICS was electronically measured
during 14 days. Concurrently, participants completed the following assessments: demographic information, asthma history, asthma control, asthma exacerbations, media use, depression, asthma knowledge, ICS knowledge, and ICS self-efficacy. Of the 93 subjects, 68 had low (<48%) Copanlisib adherence and 25 had high (>48%) adherence.\n\nResults: Older age and low ICS knowledge each were associated with low (<= 48%) adherence (P < .01 for the 2 variables).\n\nConclusion: Older age and low ICS knowledge each may be associated with poor adherence to ICS in minority adolescents with persistent asthma. Although older age often is associated
with the assignment of increased responsibility for medication-taking behavior, it may AZD9291 not be associated with increased adherence. Continued and expanded efforts at promoting asthma education and specifically knowledge of ICS may increase adherence to ICS. (C) 2014 American College of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.”
“Aim: This paper presents data on the amount of contact a large cohort of first-time Australian grandparents have with their grandchild, and the amount of child
care they provide. It compares these with grandparents’ expectations and desired levels. Method: Prospective grandparents were assessed on multiple measures before the birth of their MK-1775 price grandchild, and at 6, 12, 24 and 36 months thereafter. Results: At the 12-month assessment, grandmothers had approximately 15 hours per week contact, and provided approximately 7.5 hours per week of child care. The corresponding figures for grandfathers were 9.5 hours and 5 hours respectively. Approximately 10% of grandparents reported no contact with their grandchild, and 3040% reported undertaking no child care. Almost half the grandparents desired more contact than they were actually getting. Conclusion: Accurate quantification of contact and care is a prerequisite for investigation of the impact of the transition to grandparenthood on health and well-being.”
“A preclinical study of the alpha(2) -adrenostimulant Brimozolin (brimonidine tartrate), synthesized by an original method at OAO Center for the Chemistry of Therapeutic Agents_All-Russian Chemico-Pharmaceutical Research Institute (TsKhLS-VNIKhFI), was performed using 29 rabbits.