In fact, when I answer the phone my first words will be, ‘What sk

In fact, when I answer the phone my first words will be, ‘What skills have you tried so far?’” Some clients possess the skills but have difficulty employing

Palbociclib purchase them when extreme emotions are present. By asking clients to first try to use their skills prior to calling, they are given the opportunity to rehearse skills and attempt skill use under intense emotional circumstances, thereby increasing generalization to the natural environment. A second important reason to orient clients to try two skills prior to making a phone coaching call is to shape the client into using skills. Informing the client that they must use skills prior to placing the call communicates to the client that the purpose of the call is to assist in skills generalization and not to conduct therapy over the phone

(Ben-Porath, 2004). By insisting that the client first engage in the Enzalutamide concentration requisite behavior of trying two skills, clients are required to rehearse and practice skills prior to gaining contact with their DBT therapist. The outcome of the skill use, meaning whether the skill was effective or not, is irrelevant, particularly in the earlier stages of treatment. Clients should be reinforced for attempting to use skills rather than the outcome. In rare cases in which a client’s behavior cannot be modified or shaped, a therapist may elect to take a phone holiday. Examples include nonproductive phone calls in which a client berates or fails to try skills after phone coaching or a client Dipeptidyl peptidase who calls too frequently or refuses to end the call. A phone holiday provides respite for the therapist who might otherwise burn out or fall into ineffective treatment delivery if not provided an opportunity to temporarily disengage from the relationship (Linehan, 1993). This course is recommended only when the behavior of the client is sufficiently disruptive that it is likely to threaten or destroy the therapy relationship (Linehan). Consultation with the DBT team on how to shape and manage these behaviors is essential in these circumstances (Koons,

2011). The following vignette provides an illustration of how to discuss a phone holiday with a client. THERAPIST: I would like to discuss our last several phone coaching calls. Many researchers and clinicians recognize the importance of orienting clients to treatment. The goal of this paper and the accompanying video was to extend this to the area of orienting clients to DBT telephone coaching. Clinicians who are new to DBT may not fully appreciate how DBT telephone coaching differs from intersession contact that they previously have had with clients. Orienting clients to the three functions of DBT telephone coaching provides the therapist and the client with the information of when and why to contact a therapist between sessions.

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