Clinical trials indicate that angiogenesis is more active in tumo

Clinical trials indicate that angiogenesis is more active in tumor tissues in which HER2 is activated, and have suggested that this may lead to platinum resistance [11, 12]. Tsai and colleagues, using a panel of 20 NSCLC lines obtained from untreated patients, found that overexpression of HER2 was a marker for intrinsic multidrug resistance [6]. HER2-mediated CP-690550 manufacturer chemoresistance depended on the type of drug used,

cell type, and HER2 expression level [10]. The aim of the current study was to investigate the relationship between HER2 expression in non-small cell lung cancer patients, and to assess the effect of this expression on cisplatin-based chemoresistance. Patients and methods Patients Seventy-three consecutive, previously untreated advanced non-small cell lung cancer

patients referred to Baskent University Medical Faculty Medical Oncology Department between February 2004 and December 2006 were included in the study. All patients were selleck chemicals llc diagnosed with stage IIIB with pleural effusion or stage IV, according to the American Joint Committee on Cancer staging system (AJCC) 1997. The performance status Cell Cycle inhibitor of patients was 0–2 according to the Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) scale. The studied patients included four females and 69 males with a median age of 61 years (range, 35–78 years). Bone marrow, renal and hepatic functions were sufficient for patients to take part in the study. Two-dimensional lesions, measurable by radiologic imaging and physical examination, were about taken into account for follow-up criteria. Patients with no measurable masses and concomitant life-threatening diseases were not included in the study. Treatment Sixty-one patients received gemcitabine, given as two 1250-mg/m2 doses on days 1 and 8 and, cisplatin, given as a 75-mg/m2 dose on day 8 [13]. Twelve patients received vinorelbine given as two 25-mg/m2

doses on day 1 and 8 and, cisplatin, given as a 75-mg/m2 dose on day 1. Both gemcitabine/cisplatin and vinorelbine/cisplatin treatment paradigms were repeated on a 21-day cycle. Patients received a total of four to six chemotherapy courses. Twenty patients received palliative radiotherapy; eight received radiotherapy for bone metastases and twelve received radiotherapy for cranial metastases before the first chemotherapy course. Treatment evaluation Prior to treatment, all patients were evaluated by physical examination, electrocardiography, chest X-ray, bone scintigraphy, thorax computerized tomography (CT), and upper abdominal ultrasound and CT; complete blood counts were also performed. Cranial computerized tomography or magnetic resonance imaging was performed in patients with signs or symptoms of central nervous system disease. Tumor response was evaluated after the third chemotherapy course by comparison of tumor size on CT scans before and after chemotherapy. We used World Health Organization (WHO) guidelines for response criteria throughout the study.

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