03) Half of all deaths were considered avoidable and this propor

03). Half of all deaths were considered avoidable and this proportion did not change. The most frequent contributory factor was inadequate management.

CONCLUSION: The ratio and profile

of maternal mortality in France remained unchanged from 1998 to 2007. Half of all maternal deaths are still considered avoidable, which indicates that improvement remains possible.”
“Background: There are no Taiwanese publications and only a few Asian publications on the long-term outcome of peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients. The aim of this study was to evaluate the outcome of PD patients in Taiwan during a 7-year follow-up period.

Patients and Methods: This study enrolled 67 patients (23 males, mean age 46.2 +/- 14.5 years) on maintenance PD. We administered the Short-Form questionnaire on 30 September 1998 and recorded Nirogacestat inhibitor major events and outcomes until 30 September 2005. We compared differences in initial parameters between groups categorized by PD patient survival and PD technique survival. Causes of mortality and transfer to hemodialysis were determined. PD patient and PD technique survival rates were

measured and risk factors for patient mortality and PD technique failure were analyzed.

Results: Those in patient survival or PD technique survival groups had lower mean age (p < 0.001 and 0.018 respectively) and higher serum albumin level (p Selleck GDC-0994 = 0.015 and 0.041 respectively) compared to those that died or failed PD. The 7-year patient survival rate was 77% and the PD technique survival rate was 58%. The independent predictors for PD technique failure included lower Mental Component Summary scores [ hazard ratio (HR) = 0.85, p = 0.031] and diabetes mellitus (HR = 4.63, p < 0.001), whereas lower serum PND-1186 clinical trial albumin level (HR = 0.22, p = 0.031), lower Physical Component Summary scores (HR = 0.67, p = 0.047), and presence of diabetes mellitus (HR = 5.123, p = 0.009) were the independent predictors for patient mortality.

Conclusion: For our PD patients, both patient and technique survival rates are good. Better glycemic control, adequate nutrition, and enhancement

of health-related quality of life are all of potential prognostic benefit.”
“Purpose of review

BK virus is one of the most frequent causes of graft loss after renal transplantation, with BK virus-associated nephropathy occurring in roughly 8% of patients, and graft loss rates reported as high as 50%. This review is meant to highlight the literature on BK viral disease following renal transplantation published in the most recent year.

Recent findings

Prevention of BK virus-associated graft loss requires early diagnosis of BK viral replication, which is best achieved by screening for BK viral DNA in the blood. Screening intervals more frequently than the currently recommended 3 months appear to offer increased efficacy.

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